The Big Four Rail Accidents

Date
Killed
Injured
Details
06 November 1947
4
12
Motspur Park, 6 November 1947; 4 killed, 12 injured
27 October 1947
27
Goswick rail crash, 27 October 1947; 27 killed: excess speed on diversion turnout because driver had not read a warning notice
24 October 1947
32
183
South Croydon rail crash, 24 October 1947; 32 killed, 183 injured: fog caused signalman's error caused rear-end collision.
18 May 1947
0
37
Lambrigg Crossing signal box between Grayrigg and Oxenholme, 18 May 1947; express driver missed a signal while looking in his food box, hit light engine: 4 in hospital, 34 minor injuries.
10 February 1946
2
17
Potters Bar, 10 February 1946; driver error, compounded by signaller's error. A passenger train hit the buffers at Potters Bar station, and the derailed carriages fouled the main line. Two express trains then hit the wreckage. 2 fatalities, 17 injured.
01 January 1946
20
21
Lichfield rail crash, 1 January 1946; 20 killed, 21 injured
30 September 1945
43
64
Bourne End, 30 September 1945; 43 killed, 64 injured: excess speed on turnout
04 February 1945
2
26
King's Cross railway accident, 4 February 1945; 2 killed, 26 injured: loco slipped to stand in tunnel, train rolled back into station
02 June 1944
2
29
Soham rail disaster, 2 June 1944; 2 killed, 29 injured: explosion of wagon containing ammunition
13 March 1944
1
7
Henstridge accident, 13 March 1944; unconfirmed 1 killed, 7 injured: US road transport vehicle crashed through bridge wall onto passing train.
16 January 1944
9
Ilford rail crash (1944), 16 January 1944; nine people killed including the politician Frank Heilgers; signal passed at danger in fog.
02 February 1942
13
63
Cowlairs East Junction collision, 2 February 1942, 13 killed, 63 injured
30 December 1941
23
Eccles rail crash (1941), 30 December 1941; 23 killed: train passed red signal in fog and wartime blackout, collision on crossing
02 July 1941
5
6
Dolphin Junction, 2 July 1941; 5 killed, 6 injured: signalman failed to notice train.
04 November 1940
27
Norton Fitzwarren rail crash (1940), 4 November 1940; 27 killed: driver read wrong signal, drove off end of track.
01 February 1940
1
Watford, February 1940; 1 killed: landslide, embankment slid onto track.
10 December 1937
35
179
Castlecary rail crash, 10 December 1937; 35 killed, 179 injured: whiteout in snowy night and snow blocked points, rear-end collision.
02 April 1937
10
17
Battersea Park rail crash (1937), 2 April 1937; 10 killed, 17 injured. Signalling error.
15 January 1936
2
10
Shrivenham, 15 January 1936; 2 killed, 10 injured: train collided with breakaway wagons.
15 June 1935
13
85
Welwyn Garden City rail crash, 15 June 1935; 13 killed, 85 injured: rear-end collision caused by signalman's error
28 September 1934
12
Winwick rail crash, 28 September 1934; 12 killed: collision at junction: overloaded signalman, mistake by his assistant lad
06 September 1934
9
11
Port Eglinton Junction, Glasgow, 6 September 1934; head on collision, 9 killed, 11 seriously injured
25 May 1933
5
Raynes Park, 25 May 1933; 5 killed: train derailed due to uncompleted track maintenance.
22 March 1931
6
Leighton Buzzard, 22 March 1931; 6 killed: train derailed due to driver exceeding speed limit on slow lines.
09 January 1930
1
Lawrence Hill, 9 January 1930; 1 killed: rear collision – signalman incorrectly accepted next train.
20 November 1929
3
Combe Down Tunnel accident, 20 November 1929; 3 killed: train crew overcome by smoke in a tunnel, the runaway train crashed into a goods yard.
01 January 1929
4
Ashchurch January 1929; 4 killed: signal overrun.
13 October 1928
15
Charfield railway disaster, Gloucestershire, 13 October 1928; 15 killed {estimate: 11 known dead}: night mail train hit shunting freight train.
09 October 1928
1
14
New Tredegar, 9 October 1928; 1 killed, 14 injured: during temporary single-line working, signalman allowed train up to signal which it failed to stop at, colliding with train running the other way (first passenger fatality on GWR since 1916).
09 July 1928
2
London Bridge, 9 July 1928; 2 killed: driver of light engine misread signals.
27 June 1928
25
Darlington rail crash, 27 June 1928; 25 killed: head-on collision caused by inexperienced driver's error
24 August 1927
13
Sevenoaks railway accident, 24 August 1927; 13 killed, derailment.
27 February 1927
Penistone, 27 February 1927: engine being run round train obeyed green signal meant for express coming through: collision
14 February 1927
12
24
Hull Paragon rail accident, 14 February 1927; 12 killed, 24 seriously injured: Head on collision caused by signalling error.
19 November 1926
9
Parkgate and Rawmarsh railway station 19 November 1926; 9 killed in derailment and collision
30 August 1926
9
Naworth Crossing, 30 August 1926; collision with charabanc on crossing; 9 killed
03 November 1924
14
Lytham rail crash, 3 November 1924; locomotive tyre fracture; 14 killed